An Rìbhinn (planaid)

O Uicipeid
Gearr leum gu: seòladh, lorg
Airson seaghan eile, faic Venus (soilleireachadh).
An Rìbhinn Venus symbol.svg
Venus-real color.jpg
Dealbh le dathan fìrinneach dhen Rìbhinn a chaidh a thogail le Mariner 10 's a phròiseasadh le dà chriathrag. Tha neòil pronnaisg thiugha a' falach a h-uachdair.
Feartan na cuairte (Ceann-aimsir J2000) [1][2][3]
Aphelion 0.728 213 AU
108,939,000 km
Perihelion 0.718 440 AU
107,477,000 km
Aiseal dàrnach 0.723 332 AU
108,208,000 km
Neo-mheadhanachd 0.006772[4]
Ùine na cuairte 224.701 là[1]
0.615 198 bliadhna Iulianach
1.92 là-grèine na Rìbhinne
Ùine co-nasgach 583.92 là[1]
Luaths cuibheasach na reul-cuairte 35.02 km/s
Neo-choitcheannachd meadhain 50.115°
Claonadh 3.394 58° an coimeas na h-èicliptich
3.86° an coimeas crios-meadhain na Grèine
2.19° an coimeas plèana neo-chaochlaideach[5]
Domhan-fhad an nòd-dìridh 76.680°[4]
Argamaid a' perihelion 54.884°
Saidealan air a bheil sinn eòlach Chan eil saideal aice
Feartan fiosaigeach
Rèideas meadhain 6,051.8±1.0 km[6]
0.9499 uiread dhen Talamh
Leathnachadh 0[6]
Farsaingeachd an uachdair 4.6023×108 km2
/0.902 uiread dhen Talamh
Tomhas lìonaidh 9.2843×1011 km3
0.866 uiread dhen Talamh
Tomad 4.8675×1024 kg[7]
0.815 uiread dhen Talamh
Dùmhlachd meadhain 5.243 g/cm3
Iom-tharraing air an uachdair 8.87 m/s2
0.904 g
Luaths teichidh 10.36 km/s (6.44 mi/s)[8]
Ùine a' chuir reultaich −243.025 là (ais-cheumach)[1]
Luaths cuir an reul-chriosa 6.52 km/h (1.81 m/s)
Claonadh an aiseil 2.64° le cuairteachadh ais-cheumach

177.36° an coimeas na reul-cuairte[1]

Dìreadh deas a' phòla a tuath 18u 11m 2d
272.76°[9]
Dì-chlaonadh a' phòla a tuath 67.16°
Albedo 0.90 (Bond)[10]
0.67 (geomatrach)[10]
Meudachd lèirsinneach as soilleire −4.9[11][12] (corranach)
−3.8[13] (làn)
Trast-thomhas ceàrnach 9.7″ gu 66.0″[1]
Teothachd Kelvin
  • Meadhain: 737 K[1]

Celsius

  • Meadhain: 462 °C




Àile
Brùthadh-àile air an uachdar 92 bàr (9.2 MPa)
Stuthan 96.5% carbon dà-ogsaid
3.5% naitridean
0.015% carbon dà-shulfaid
0.007% argon
0.002% deathach uisge
0.0017% carbon aon-ogsaid
0.0012% helium
0.0007% neon
Lorgan dhe shuilfid carbonyl
Lorgan dhe haidridean clòraid
Lorgan dhe haidridean fluaraid
Tha àile tiugh is stoirmeil aig a' phlanaid

B' e Bhèineas neo Rìbhinn an darna planaid. Is i an rud as dearrsach san speur againne as deidh, an Grian agus an Gealach, agus tha far-ainm aice - "a' Mhadainneag". 'S e Bhèineas am planaid as fhaisge dhuinn. Chan eil saideal aice.

Ràinig na Sovietich Bhèineas sa chiad aite, leis na proban "Venera". chunnaic iad àile geur is garbh, agus talamh teth. Cha do mhair na proban ach mionaidean. Gu mi-fhortanach, cha bidh daoine a' fuireach ann a dh'aithghearr, agus gun teagamh, chan eil beatha sam bith air an talamh aige.

Bha ceangail làidir eadar Bheineas agus Quetzacoatl, agus chleachd na Comunnaich i, mar seorsa seun, m.e. b' e The Morning Star, pàipear-naidheachd Comunnach.

Iomraidhean[deasaich | deasaich an tùs]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Williams, David R. (2005-04-2005): “Venus Fact Sheet”. NASA. Air a thogail 12mh dhen Dàmhair 2007.
  2. Lorenz, Ralph D. (2001): “Titan, Mars and Earth: Entropy Production by Latitudinal Heat Transport”. Ames Research Center, University of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. Air a thogail 21mh dhen Lùnasdal 2007 (PDF).
  3. Yeomans, Donald K.: “HORIZONS Web-Interface for Venus (Major Body=2)”. JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System. —Tagh "Ephemeris Type: Orbital Elements", "Time Span: 2000-01-01 12:00 to 2000-01-02". (Bu chòir dha "Target Body: Venus" agus "Center: Sun" a bhith 'nam bun-roghainnean.) 'S e luachan na reul-cuairte pògaidh sa bhad air ceann-aimsir J2000 pongail a tha sna toraidhean.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Simon, J.L., Bretagnon, P.; Chapront, J.; Chapront-Touzé, M.; Francou, G.; Laskar, J. (sa Gearran 1994): “Numerical expressions for precession formulae and mean elements for the Moon and planets,” ann an: Astronomy and Astrophysics, leabhar 282, àir. 2, td. 663–683. Bibcode: 1994A&A...282..663S.
  5. The MeanPlane (Invariable plane) of the Solar System passing through the barycenter”. Air a thogail 10 dhen Ghiblean 2009. (chaidh a dhèanamh le Solex 10 (duilleag-lìn Solex 10 air a tasgadh 18 dhen t-Sultain 2015) air a sgrìobhadh le Aldo Vitagliano))
  6. 6.0 6.1 Seidelmann, P. Kenneth, Archinal, Brent A.; A'Hearn, Michael F.; Conrad, Albert R.; Consolmagno, Guy J.; Hestroffer, Daniel; Hilton, James L.; Krasinsky, Georgij A.; Neumann, Gregory A.; Oberst, Jürgen; Stooke, Philip J.; Tedesco, Edward F.; Tholen, David J.; Thomas, Peter C.; Williams, Iwan P. (2007): “Report of the IAU/IAG Working Group on cartographic coordinates and rotational elements: 2006,” ann an: Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy, leabhar 98, àir. 3, td. 155–180. Bibcode: 2007CeMDA..98..155S. doi:10.1007/s10569-007-9072-y.
  7. Konopliv, A. S., Banerdt, W. B.; Sjogren, W. L. (sa Chèitean 1999): “Venus Gravity: 180th Degree and Order Model,” ann an: Icarus, leabhar 139, àir. 1, td. 3–18. Bibcode: 1999Icar..139....3K. doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6086.
  8. Planets and Pluto: Physical Characteristics”. NASA. Air a thogail 26 dhen Lùnastal 2015.
  9. Report on the IAU/IAG Working Group on cartographic coordinates and rotational elements of the planets and satellites”. International Astronomical Union. Air a thogail 12 dhen Ghiblean 2007.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Mallama, A., Wang, D.; Howard, R.A. (2006): “Venus phase function and forward scattering from H2SO4,” ann an: Icarus, leabhar 182, àir. 1, td. 10–22. Bibcode: 2006Icar..182...10M. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2005.12.014.
  11. Mallama, A. (2011): “Planetary magnitudes,” ann an: Sky & Telescope, leabhar 121, àir. 1, td. 51–56.
  12. HORIZONS Web-Interface for Venus (Major Body=299)”. JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System. Air a thogail 28 dhen t-Samhain 2010. (Le JPL Horizons, chì thu gun robh meudachd lèirsinneach dhe −4.89 aig an Rìbhinn 8 dhen Dùbhlachd 2013)
  13. Espenak, Fred (1996): “Venus: Twelve year planetary ephemeris, 1995–2006”. NASA Reference Publication 1349. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. Air a thogail 20 dhen Ògmhios 2006.
deasaich An Crios-Grèine
Solar system.png
Planaidean: Mearcar - An Rìbhinn/Bhèineas - An Talamh (A' Ghealach*) - An Corg/Màrs - Am Bliogh/Iupatar - Satarn - Ùranas - Neaptun
Fo-phlanaidean: Plùto - Sedna - Ceres - Eris - Makemake - Haumea
Eile: Grian - Crios Reultan Seachrain - Reultan earballach - Crios Kuiper - Diosg Sgapte - Neul Oort - 2003 UB313
Faic cuideachd nithean reul-eòlasach agus liosta nan nithean ann an Crios-Grèine a-rèir rèideis no tomaid.
Chan e planaid a th' anns A' Ghealach ach saideal ann an reul-eòlas seach anns an t-siostam Ptolemy.