Teamplaid:Coord

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WP:COORD

Quick guide[deasaich | edit source]

Quick how to
v  d  e
To add 57°18′22″N 4°27′32″W / 57.30611°N 4.45889°W / 57.30611; -4.45889 to the top of an article, use {{Coord}}, thus:
{{Coord|57|18|22|N|4|27|32|W|display=title}}

These coordinates are in degrees, minutes, and seconds of arc.

'title' means that the coordinates will be displayed next to the title.

To add 44°06′43″N 87°54′47″W / 44.112°N 87.913°W / 44.112; -87.913 to the top of an article, use either
{{Coord|44.112|N|87.913|W|display=title}}

or

{{Coord|44.112|-87.913|display=title}}

These coordinates are in decimal degrees.

  • Degrees, minutes and seconds must be separated by a pipe ("|").
  • Map datum must be WGS84 (except for off-earth bodies).
  • Avoid excessive precision (0.0001° is <11 m, 1″ is <31 m).
  • Latitude (N/S) must appear before longitude (E/W).
Optional coordinate parameters follow the longitude and are separated by an underscore ("_"):

Other optional parameters are separated by a pipe ("|"):

  • display
    |display=inline (the default) to display in the body of the article only,
    |display=title to display at the top of the article only, or
    |display=inline,title to display in both places.
  • name
    name=X to label the place on maps (default is PAGENAME)

Thus: {{Coord|44.117|-87.913|dim:30_region:US-WI_type:event

|display=inline,title|name=accident site}}

Use |display=title (or |display=inline,title) once per article, for the subject of the article, where appropriate.

Purpose[deasaich | edit source]

This template, {{coord}}, produces a link to a list of map sources, based on the geographical coordinates and other parameters, and provides a standardized notation for the coordinates.

The template is for WGS84 geographical coordinates (latitude;longitude) on Earth, which can be entered in either decimal notation, or degrees/minutes/seconds parameters, with the appropriate precision.

It links to http://stable.toolserver.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Teamplaid:Coord&params=, then displays the coordinates. Clicking the blue globe Erioll world.svg activates the WikiMiniAtlas (needs Javascript).

The template outputs data in:

  • Degree/minutes/seconds ("DMS", precision is degrees, or degrees/minutes, or degrees/minutes/seconds, based on input). Some conversions from decimal degrees to dms need fixing (see talk)
  • Decimal (precision by number of decimal places, based on input)
  • Geo microformat.

{{coord}} is used by tools which parse the raw Wikipedia database dumps, such as Google Earth. To ensure that the coordinates are parsed correctly display=title must be used. See How do I get my Wikipedia article to show up in the Google Earth Geographic Web layer?. The template must not be modified without prior discussion.

For articles which have no coordinates, but need them, use {{coord missing}}.

See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates.

Superseded templates[deasaich | edit source]

This single template supersedes {{coor d}}, {{coor dm}}, {{coor dms}}, {{coor at d}}, {{coor at dm}}, {{coor at dms}}, {{coor title d}}, {{coor title dm}}, {{coor title dms}}, and the Geolinks and Mapit templates. All parameters can be used as before - see Usage.

Examples:

{{coord|12|N|45|W|display=title}} Replaces {{coor title d|12|N|45|W}}
{{coord|12|34|N|45|33|W|display=title}} Replaces {{coor title dm|12|34|N|45|33|W}}
{{coord|12|34|56|N|45|33|22|W|display=title}} Replaces {{coor title dms|12|34|56|N|45|33|8|W}}
{{coord|12|34|12|N|45|33|45|W|display=inline,title}} Replaces {{coor at dms|12|34|12|N|45|33|45|W}}
{{coord|10.2|-20.3|display=inline}} or {{coord|10.2|-20.3}} Replaces {{coor d|10.2|N|-20.3|E}}
{{coord|44.4|-111.1|type:city_region:US|display=inline,title}} Replaces {{Geolinks-US-cityscale|44.4|-111.1}}
{{coord|51.01234|-1.56789|type:landmark_region:GB|display=inline,title}} Replaces {{Geolinks-UK-buildingscale|51.01234|-1.56789}}
{{coord|-35.5|150.1|type:landmark_region:AU|display=inline,title}} Replaces {{Mapit-AUS-suburbscale|lat=-35.5|long=150.1}}
{{coord|12|34|12|N|45|33|45|W|display=title}} Replaces {{CoorHeader|12|34|12|N|45|33|45|W}}

Usage[deasaich | edit source]

{{coord|latitude|longitude|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|N/S|dd|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|N/S|dd|mm|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|ss|N/S|dd|mm|ss|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}

There are two kinds of parameters, all optional:

  • Coordinate parameters: Recognized by the map server, given in the format parameter:value and separated from each other with the underscore character '_'. Common coordinate parameters include type, region, and scale. See coordinate parameters for a comprehensive list.
  • Template parameters: Used by the template itself, given in the format parameter=value and separated from each other with the pipe character '|'. The supported template parameters are display, name and format.
    • display can be one of the following:
      • display=inline - Display the coordinate inline (default)
      • display=title - Display the coordinate by the article title (replaces {{coor title dms}} family), shortcut: display=t
      • display=inline,title - Display the coordinate both inline and at title (replaces {{coor at dms}} family)
        Note: using the title attribute indicates that the coordinates apply to the article, and not just one of (perhaps many) places mentioned in it — so it should only be omitted in the latter case. display=title,inline works also. Shortcut: display=it
    • format can be used to force dec or dms coordinate display for all readers
    • name can be used to annotate inline coordinates for display in map services and other external use. It should not be used with coordinates in the article title or within an infobox, as in those cases the name is implicit from the article title.

Examples[deasaich | edit source]

{{coord|43.651234|-79.383333}} 43°39′04″N 79°23′00″W / 43.651234°N 79.383333°W / 43.651234; -79.383333 Toronto - Fully decimal - N & W
{{coord|43.65|-79.38}} 43°39′N 79°23′W / 43.65°N 79.38°W / 43.65; -79.38 Toronto - less precise
{{coord|43.6500|-79.3800}} 43°39′00″N 79°22′48″W / 43.6500°N 79.3800°W / 43.6500; -79.3800 Toronto - medium precision with trailing zeroes
{{coord|43.651234|N|79.383333|W}} 43°39′04″N 79°23′00″W / 43.651234°N 79.383333°W / 43.651234; -79.383333 Toronto - decimal with Northing & Westing
{{coord|43|29|N|79|23|W}} 43°29′N 79°23′W / 43.483°N 79.383°W / 43.483; -79.383 Toronto - degrees & minutes
{{coord|43|29|4|N|79|23|0|W}} 43°29′4″N 79°23′0″W / 43.48444°N 79.383333°W / 43.48444; -79.383333 Toronto - degrees, minutes & seconds
{{coord|43|29|4.5|N|79|23|0.5|W}} 43°29′4.5″N 79°23′0.5″W / 43.484583°N 79.383472°W / 43.484583; -79.383472 Toronto - degrees, minutes, seconds & fractions of seconds
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E}} 55°45′08″N 37°36′56″E / 55.752222°N 37.615556°E / 55.752222; 37.615556 Moscow - N & E
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|format=dms}} 55°45′08″N 37°36′56″E / 55.752222°N 37.615556°E / 55.752222; 37.615556 Convert to dms format
{{coord|39.098095|-94.587307|format=dms}} 39°05′53″N 94°35′14″W / 39.098095°N 94.587307°W / 39.098095; -94.587307 Decimal conversion without N/S/E/W
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|​format=dec|name=Moscow}} 55°45′08″N 37°36′56″E / 55.752222°N 37.615556°E / 55.752222; 37.615556 (Moscow) Convert to decimal and label on some maps
{{coord|33|55|S|18|25|E}} 33°55′S 18°25′E / 33.917°S 18.417°E / -33.917; 18.417 Cape Town - S & E
{{coord|35|00|N|105|00|E}} 35°00′N 105°00′E / 35°N 105°E / 35; 105 China, People's Republic of
{{coord|22|54|30|S|43|14|37|W}} 22°54′30″S 43°14′37″W / 22.90833°S 43.24361°W / -22.90833; -43.24361 Rio - S & W
{{coord|22|S|43|W}} 22°S 43°W / 22°S 43°W / -22; -43 A degree confluence
{{coord|52|28|59|N|1|53|37|W|​display=inline,title|region:GB_type:city}} 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361Co-chomharran: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361 Birmingham - with display and parameter settings; note display also in title of this page.

Coordinate parameters[deasaich | edit source]

Following the geographical coordinate, further parameters can optionally be supplied, separated by underscores. This will help in finding suitable map resources, and will become more important when the Wikimaps become fully functional.

type:T[deasaich | edit source]

The type: parameter specifies the type of location for reverse mapping (for instance, to select a marker icon in the WikiMiniAtlas).

It also sets the map scale, which can however be overridden by dim: or scale:.

Valid types are:

T Description Map scale
adm1st Administrative unit of country, 1st level (province, state), see table, e.g. U.S. states 1:1,000,000
adm2nd Administrative unit of country, 2nd level, see table, e.g. county (United States) 1:300,000
adm3rd Administrative unit of country, 3rd level, see table 1:100,000
airport airports and airbases 1:30,000
city(pop) cities, towns, villages, hamlets, suburbs, subdivisions, neighborhoods, and other human settlements (including unincorporated and/or abandoned ones) with known population
Please replace pop with a number. Commas in pop will be ignored. There should be no blanks.
1:30,000 ... 1:300,000
city cities, towns, villages, hamlets, suburbs, subdivisions, neighborhoods, and other human settlements (including unincorporated and/or abandoned ones) with unspecified population
These are treated as minor cities.
1:100,000
country (e.g. "type:country") 1:10,000,000
edu schools, colleges, and universities 1:10,000
event one-time or regular events and incidents that occurred at a specific location, including battles, earthquakes, festivals, and shipwrecks 1:50,000
forest forests and woodlands 1:50,000
glacier glaciers and icecaps 1:50,000
isle islands and isles 1:100,000
landmark buildings (including churches, factories, museums, theatres, and power plants but excluding schools and railway stations), caves, cemeteries, cultural landmarks, geologic faults, headlands, intersections, mines, ranches, roads, structures (including antennas, bridges, castles, dams, lighthouses, monuments, and stadiums), tourist attractions, valleys, and other points of interest 1:10,000
mountain peaks, mountain ranges, hills, submerged reefs, and seamounts 1:100,000
pass mountain passes 1:10,000
railwaystation stations, stops, and maintenance areas of railways and trains, including railroad, metro, rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway, etc. 1:10,000
river rivers, canals, creeks, brooks, and streams, including intermittent ones 1:100,000
satellite geo-stationary satellites 1:10,000,000
waterbody bays, fjords, lakes, reservoirs, ponds, lochs, loughs, meres, lagoons, estuaries, inland seas, and waterfalls 1:100,000
camera To indicate the location of where a specific image was taken. This type is used by coordinate templates on File pages. 1:10,000
Default scale: if no type is used or the type is not defined in the GeoHack extension 1:300,000
Samples
T Markup Result
waterbody {{coord|46|43|N|7|58|E|type:waterbody}} 46°43′N 7°58′E / 46.717°N 7.967°E / 46.717; 7.967
scale:N[deasaich | edit source]

The scale: parameter specifies the desired map scale as 1:N, overriding the scale implied by any type: parameter.

GeoHack uses scale: to select a map scale for a 72 dpi computer monitor. If no dim:, type:, or scale: parameters are provided, GeoHack uses its default scale of 1:300,000.

Samples
Subject Scale Markup Result
Big Ben 1:500 {{coord|51.500611|N|0.124611|W|scale:500}} 51°30′02″N 0°07′29″W / 51.500611°N 0.124611°W / 51.500611; -0.124611
Palace of Westminster 1:5,000 {{coord|51.5006|N|0.1246|W|scale:5000}} 51°30′02″N 0°07′29″W / 51.5006°N 0.1246°W / 51.5006; -0.1246
City of Westminster 1:50,000 {{coord|51.501|N|0.125|W|scale:50000}} 51°30′04″N 0°07′30″W / 51.501°N 0.125°W / 51.501; -0.125
Greater London 1:500,000 {{coord|51.50|N|0.12|W|scale:500000}} 51°30′N 0°07′W / 51.50°N 0.12°W / 51.50; -0.12
region:R[deasaich | edit source]

The region: parameter specifies the political region for terrestrial coordinates. It is used to select appropriate map resources. If no region: parameter is provided, GeoHack attempts to determine the region from the coordinates.

The region should be supplied as either a two character ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code or an ISO 3166-2 region code.

Examples of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes:

  • AQ Antarctica
  • AU Australia
  • BR Brazil
  • DE Germany
  • GB United Kingdom
  • HK Hong Kong
  • IN India
  • LK Sri Lanka
  • RU Russia
  • US United States

Examples of ISO 3166-2 region codes:

  • DE-TH Thuringia, Germany
  • GB-BIR Birmingham, England
  • NO-03 Oslo, Norway
  • US-NY New York state, USA

The oceans have the following Wiki assigned code elements per de:Vorlage:Coordinate#Ozeane.

  • XN Arctic Ocean
  • XA Atlantic Ocean
  • XI Indian Ocean
  • XP Pacific Ocean
  • XS Southern Ocean

In addition, two Wiki assigned code elements can be used with {{coord}}:

  • XZ for objects in or above international waters (similar to UN/LOCODE).
  • ZZ for use in examples.
Samples
Focus region Region Markup Result
Switzerland CH  {{coord|46.9524|N|7.4396|E|region:CH}}  46°57′09″N 7°26′23″E / 46.9524°N 7.4396°E / 46.9524; 7.4396
Berlin, Germany DE-BE  {{coord|52.5164|N|13.3775|E|region:DE-BE}}  52°30′59″N 13°22′39″E / 52.5164°N 13.3775°E / 52.5164; 13.3775
globe:G[deasaich | edit source]

The globe: parameter specifies the planet, dwarf planet, asteroid, or natural satellite upon which the coordinates reside. Apart from earth (the default), recognized values are: mercury, venus, moon, mars, phobos, deimos, ceres, vesta, ganymede, callisto, io, europa, mimas, enceladus, tethys, dione, rhea, titan, hyperion, iapetus, phoebe, miranda, ariel, umbriel, titania, oberon, triton, and pluto.

Samples
Subject G Markup Result
Kittu Crater ganymede {{coord|0.4|N|334.6|W|globe:ganymede}} 0°24′N 334°36′W / 0.4°N 334.6°W / 0.4; -334.6
Viking 2 lander mars {{coord|48.269|N|225.990|W|globe:mars}} 48°16′08″N 225°59′24″W / 48.269°N 225.990°W / 48.269; -225.990
Mozart Crater mercury {{coord|8|N|190.5|W|globe:mercury}} 8°00′N 190°30′W / 8°N 190.5°W / 8; -190.5
Apollo 11 lander moon {{coord|0|40|26.69|N|23|28|22.69|E|globe:moon}} 0°40′26.69″N 23°28′22.69″E / 0.6740806°N 23.4729694°E / 0.6740806; 23.4729694
Ksa Crater titan {{coord|14.0|N|65.4|W|globe:titan}} 14°00′N 65°24′W / 14.0°N 65.4°W / 14.0; -65.4
Venera 13 lander venus {{coord|7.5|S|303|E|globe:venus}} 7°30′S 303°00′E / 7.5°S 303°E / -7.5; 303
Stickney Crater phobos {{coord|1|N|49|W|globe:phobos}} 1°N 49°W / 1°N 49°W / 1; -49

For globes other than Earth, {{coord}} does not assume a specific reference system (in contrast with Earth's WGS84). Since the template defaults to east longitude, the |W| direction must be specified for globes that measure longitude westward. At the present time, only limited mapping is available for Mars and the Moon and none for other extraterrestrial bodies. For celestial coordinates, use {{Sky}} instead.

source:S[deasaich | edit source]

Specifies, where present, the data source and data source format/datum, and optionally the original data, presented in parentheses. This is initially primarily intended for use by geotagging robots, so that data is not blindly repeatedly copied from format to format and Wikipedia to Wikipedia, with progressive loss of precision and attributability.

Examples:

  • A lat/long geotag derived from an Ordnance Survey National Grid Reference NM 435 355 found in the English-language Wikipedia would be tagged as "source:enwiki-osgb36(NM435355)"
  • A latitude-longitude location sourced from data taken from the German-language Wikipedia would be tagged as "source:dewiki" – and so on, for other language codes;
  • A location sourced from the public domain GeoNet Names Server database would be tagged as "source:GNS". No datum or format information is needed, since by default all Wikipedia coordinates are in latitude/longitude format based on the WGS84 datum. Similarly, US locations sourced from the similar public domain GNIS database would be tagged as "source:GNIS".

Display[deasaich | edit source]

To always display coordinates as DMS values, add this to your common.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: none }
.geo-dms { display: inline }

To always display coordinates as decimal values, add this to your common.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: inline }
.geo-dms { display: none }

To display coordinates in both formats, add this to your common.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: inline }
.geo-dms { display: inline }
.geo-multi-punct { display: inline }

If CSS is disabled, or you have an old copy of MediaWiki:Common.css cached, you will see both formats. (You can either clear your cache or manually refresh this URL: [1].)

To disable display of the blue globe adjacent to coordinates, add this to your common.js

var wma_settings = {enabled:false}

Note that this will disable WikiMiniAtlas

See also Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Geographical coordinates.

Name[deasaich | edit source]

If an article contains several display=inline coordinates, each of these may be supplied with a unique name. This name will be used to display the coordinate on the WikiMiniAtlas, and will cause the template to emit an hCard microformat using that name, even if used within an existing hCard. Do not use when the name is that of a person (e.g for a gravesite), as the generated hCard would be invalid. Also, do not use square brackets in names.

Incorrect uses and maintenance category[deasaich | edit source]

The template has a few input checks built in. Basic errors display the message on Coord/input/ERROR (see Special:WhatLinksHere/Template:Coord/input/ERROR for pages to fix)

A series of other input errors categorize the pages in the maintenance category Coord template needing repair. See the category description for more details. There are currently 0 pages in that category.

A general list of coordinates needing repair is at tools:~dispenser/view/File viewer#log:coord-enwiki.log.

See also: WT:GEO#To do

Subtemplates[deasaich | edit source]

See Template:Coord/doc/internals and Category:Coord template

name function
Coord/input/d converts coordinates from input in degrees format {{coord|12|N|12|W}}
Coord/input/dm converts coordinates from input in degrees/minutes format {{coord|12|12|N|12|12|W}}
Coord/input/dms converts coordinates from input in degrees/minutes/seconds format {{coord|12|12|12|N|12|12|12|W}}
Coord/display/inline creates output to display coordinates inline
Coord/display/title creates output to display above the article (generally to the right of the article's title)
Coord/display/inline,title creates output to display coordinates inline and above the article

Coordinates in PDF[deasaich | edit source]

For the generation of the PDF version, printed books and Open Office export format, two templates are substituted for the regular templates:

Samples are available at:

Class names[deasaich | edit source]

The class names geo, latitude and longitude are used to generate the microformat and MUST NOT be changed.